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20篇高考英语话题作文+16个传统文化考点素材, 高考写作首选资料!

2019-5-22  教育  阅读:  【放大镜】  




20篇高考英语话题作文+16个传统文化考点素材,_高考写作首选资料!


这20篇作文的话题和高中生学习生活息息相关,是历次大小考中经常出现的话题,你不需要将它们一一背下来,只需要全部熟读2-3遍,脑子里就会装满各种句型啦,你也来试试吧!


一. The Best Movie

I like to see movie so much. When I have time, the first thing I’d like to do is to find the hot movies and then buy some snacks, enjoying my movie hours. 

After appreciating so many movies, The Lord of the Rings impresses me the most. This movie has three series and I like them all. Though the moive was made in about 2000, its technology is still not out of date. In the movie, the scenery is so beautiful that I can’t move my eyes away. It was shot in New Zealand and I have made up my mind that I must go there someday and have a look at the beautiful scenery. 

The movie shows me a scientific world with all kinds of creatures. It broadens my vision. 


最好的电影

我很喜欢看电影。我有时间的时候,我想做的第一件事就是找一些热门电影,然后买些零食来享受我的电影时光。

在欣赏了那么多电影后,《魔戒》让我印象最深刻。这部电影有三个系列,每个系列我都喜欢。虽然这部电影大约在2000年拍摄,但是其技术却不过时。在电影中,景色是如此美丽,我都无法转移目光。那是在新西兰拍摄的。我已经下定决心,一定要去那里看一看那美丽的风景。

这部电影给我展示了一个科幻世界,那里有各种各样的生物。它开阔了我的视野。


二. I Love Country Life

I was born in the country, my family lived there before I was 6 years old. Then my parents moved to the city for their work, I had to stay away from my hometown. Though living in the city brings me a lot of convenience, and I eat the good food, I still miss country life all the time. I love to live in the country.

Living in the country, the time seems to be very slow. I woke up early in the morning and then took the walk. After eating the breakfast, it was about 8 o’clock. I went out to play with my friends or went to help my grandparents with their work. After doing these, it was just 11 o’clock. But in the city, I woke up at 9 o’clock, and then I ate the breakfast, the rest of the day was to play computer. How time flies to me. 

I get so close to the nature and I find so much fun in the country life. I always want to live in my hometown. When I have the time, I will go back there and enjoy the moment. 


我爱乡村生活

我在乡村里出生,在六岁以前,我的家庭住在那里。然而父母为了工作搬去了市区,我不得不远离家乡,虽然在城市生活给我带来了很多方便,我可以吃到好吃的食物,但是我仍然一直很想念乡村生活。我喜欢住在乡村。

生活在乡村,时间似乎过得很慢。我一大早就起来了,然后去散步。在吃完早饭后,时间是八点。我出去和朋友们一起玩或者帮助爷爷奶奶干活。昨晚这些事情,时间才11点。但是在城市里,我九点起来,然后吃早餐,剩下的时间就是玩电脑。时间过得真是快啊。

在乡村里生活,我是如此的接近大自然,找到了很多乐趣。我总是想要在家乡生活。当我有时间,我就会回到那里,享受在那里的时间。


三. Strong Will

Since I go to high school, I live in the school and stay away from my parents. 

I have three roommates. At the beginning, we have trouble in staying in the same room, but now we have got used to it. One of my roommates impresses me so much. Since she came to our room, she has kept the habit of reading novels when we go to bed. She told me that when she lived with her parents, she dared not to read because her mother would blame her for sleeping late. Now she is very happy that she is out of control, it seems that she is free. But I feel sorry for her, because she is short-sighted now. What’s more, she is lagging behind other students in the study. Staying away from her parents, she is not strong enough to behave herself. 

We should have the strong will and behave ourselves.


坚强的意志

自从我上了高中,我就住在学校,远离父母。

我有3个室友,刚开始,我们不习惯同处一室,但是如今,我们已经习惯了。有一个室友让我印象很深刻,自从她住进我们的房间,她就在我们睡觉的时候保持看小说的习惯。她告诉我们在她和父母住在一起的时候,她不敢看小说,因为她妈妈会责怪她那么晚睡觉。如今她很高兴再也不受控制了,似乎她得到了自由。但是我为她感到遗憾,因为她现在已经近视,而且,在学习方面也落后于其他同学。离开了父母,她不够强大,无法自律。

我们应该有坚强的意志,并且自律。


四. The Changes of My Hometown

My hometown is located at the outside of the city. 

I was born and grew up there. It was a little village with natural  scenery of green mountains, a beautiful river and lovely village houses. In the summer, I liked to go to picnic under the mountain and swim in the river. 

But now my hometown has changes. The mountains were blown down to build the factories, and the river was polluted by the waste water from those factories. There are no more green mountains but the smoking factories. The water of the river turns black and stinks, and I can never swim in it again. The village houses are gone too, and the ugly storied houses with walls are instead. 

I don’t like the changes of my hometown, it is a polluted hometown.


家乡的变化 

我的家乡坐落在城市外。

我在那里出生和长大。它是一个小村庄,有着绿色的山、美丽的河还有漂亮的小屋的自然的风景。夏天里,我喜欢去山脚下野炊,到河里游泳。

但是现在我的家乡变了。群山被炸平用来建工厂,河水被这些工厂里的废水所污染。再也没有绿色的山,只有冒着烟的工厂。河里的水变成黑色还散发恶臭,我再也不能在里面游泳了;褂心切┬∥菀蚕Я,取而代之的是丑陋的带围墙的楼房。

我不喜欢家乡的变化,这是一个被污染了的家乡。


五. The People I Respect the Most

The people I respect the most is my father. 

He is a doctor. He always busy with work. Since I could remember, he has never spent a whole weekend to stay with me. He goes to the hospital very early before I get up, and comes back home after I sleep. But I doesn’t matter at all. He is a hero to me. He devotes almost all the time to his patients, and many lives are saved. 

He always said, a man should have dignity, integrity, honor, and most of all, be helpful to others. This affected me deeply, so I work hard so that someday I can be the man like my father.


我最尊敬的人

我最尊敬的人是我的父亲。

他是一名医生。他的工作总是很忙。从我记事起,他就从来没有陪我过过一个完整的周末。他每天在我起床前就去医院了,回来的时候我已经睡着。但是我一点也不介意,他在我的眼里是个英雄。他几乎把所有的时间都献给了他的病人,很多人的生命因此得救。

他总是说,一个男人应该有尊严、正直、荣誉,更重要的是,帮助他人。这对我的影响很深,我正努力,就是为了有一天成为一个像我父亲一样的男人。


六. Taking The Exercise

Today, as the development of the electronic products, people like to use the electronic products very much. They count on these products because they are so convenient and funny. So people pay a lot of attention on the electronic products, and most people even don’t like to go out and they spend all the day playing the computer games. 

Staying too much time indoors is not good for people’s health, they need to walk out of the house and take the exercise. It is advised that we should take exercise for an hour everyday. We can take the jogging early in the morning or in the evening. We not only can take in the fresh air, but also can see the different scenery. 

If we take the regular exercise, we will keep the strong body and when are old, we can go any place we want to. 


参加锻炼

今天,随着电子产品的发展,人们很喜欢使用电子产品。他们依赖于这些产品,因为电子产品不仅方便,也很有趣。因此人们把注意力都放在了电子产品,大部分人甚至不喜欢外出,整天呆在家玩电脑游戏。

呆在室内太长时间不利于人们的健康,他们需要走出室内,参加锻炼。据建议,我们应该每天锻炼一个小时。我们可以在早上或者傍晚慢跑,不仅可以呼吸新鲜的空气,也可以看到不同的风景。

如果我们坚持有规律的锻炼,就能保持强壮的身体,当我们老了,还能去任何想去的地方。


七. Sports Meeting

When autumn comes, I feel so excited, because the sports meeting comes. 

I like sports so much. When I was very small, my father took me to watch the basketball match. In the long time, sports have become part of my life. When I started to come to school, I join the basketball team. I had  the great time to practice with my friends. 

Though high school life is very busy and I have to learn so many subjects, I still keep taking exercise everyday. Sports meeting time is my favorite time in the semester. I can take part in many activities, such as basketball and high jump. I am full of energy, I just want to enjoy the moment of taking exercise. 

Sports meeting indeed brings students many energy and make the students become active. They can also exercise their bodies. 


运动会

当秋天来临的时候,我感到很兴奋,因为运动会也将到来。

我很喜欢运动。在我很小的时候,父亲带我去看篮球比赛。长时间以来,运动已经成为我生活的一部分。我开始来学校的时候,我加入了篮球队,和朋友们在一起训练的时光我过得很快乐。

虽然高中生活很忙,我必须学习很多科目,但是我仍然保持每天锻炼。运动会在这个学期是我最喜欢的时间。我可以参加许多活动,如篮球和跳高。我精力充沛,我只想享受锻炼的时刻。

运动会确实给学生们带来很多活力,使学生们变得活跃。他们还可以锻炼身体。


八. Stop Polluting the Water!

Spring is the best season of a year. The weather gets warmer and warmer. My classmates and I took a one-day sightseeing tour around our city. The scene was very beautiful. But when we saw the rivers along our city, I felt very sorry and thought a lot.

With the development of modern industry and agriculture, more and more waste is being poured into rivers. It has caused serious pollution. The rivers are becoming so dirty that nothing can live in them. The rivers are giving off a terrible smell.

We make an urgent appeal that measures should be taken to cope with the situation. Our government should build various facilities such as sewage treatment plant and encourage scientists to work out more and better ways to reduce water pollution.

Water is the source of our lives. It is very important to protect the water.


停止污染水

春天是一年中最好的季节。天气变得越来越暖和,我和同学进行了环城一日游,所到之处景色宜人。但当我们看到流过城区的河流时,我感到很惋惜,想了很多。

随着现代工农业的发展,越来越多的污水正被排进河里,河水被严重污染。水变得如此肮脏,以至于生物不能在里面生存。河水发出难闻的气味。

我们急切呼吁应该采取措施改变这种状况。政府应当兴建各种设施,例如污水处理厂,并且鼓励科学家们想出更多更好的办法以减少水污染。

水是生命之源。;に试词种匾。


九. The Sport I Like Best

When talking about the sport, I will feel very excited, because I like sport so much. I love playing tennis, and it is my favorite sport.

I remember one day when I came home after school, I opened the TV and watched a tennis match. At first, I was caught by the beautiful tennis women players. They wore the beautiful outfits.When I had been watching for ten minutes, I found the match was so excellent. From then on, I started to watch tennis match. I have learned the tennis, and I will call my friends to play with me when I have time. Now I am a big fan of the tennis match, I will watch the tour matches once I am free. 

My love to tennis is more than I could express. I am so lucky to have some friends who share the same interest with me.


我最喜欢的运动

当谈到运动的时候,我会感到很兴奋,因为我很喜欢运动。我喜欢打网球,这是我最喜欢的运动。

我记得有一天当我放学回家后,我打开了电视机,看到了一场网球比赛。刚开始,我被美丽的女选手吸引,她们穿着美丽的球服,看了十分钟以后,我发现比赛很好看,从那时候起,我开始看网球比赛。我已经学习了网球,我会在有空的时候叫上朋友,一起打网球。如今我是一名网球的超级粉丝,我会在有空的时候看网球巡回赛。

我对网球的爱无法用言语表达。我很幸运能有和我一样对网球有幸福的伙伴。


20篇高考英语话题作文+16个传统文化考点素材,_高考写作首选资料!



十. Ordinary Is Beautiful

When we are very small, we dream to be the great person in the future, such as the scientist, the policeman and so on. 

It is good for the children to own the big dream, so that they will study hard and fight for their future. But the fact is that not all the persons can become the great person, and most people are doing the ordinary jobs. In my opinion, ordinary is beautiful, too. Though they are not doing the fine jobs, they find their own place and make a contribution to the world. Take the cleaner for example. They wake up early and do the cleaning work. People dare not to do the job because it is so dirty, but the cleaners decorate the city with their hard work. 

The cleaners are the ordinary people while doing the great job.


平凡也美丽

在我们很小的时候,梦想将来成为伟大的人,比如科学家,警察等等。

孩子有伟大的梦想是好的,这样他们就会努力学习,为他们的将来奋斗。但是事实上,并不是所有的人都能成为伟大的人,大部分人都是做着普通的工作。在我看来,平凡也是美丽的。虽然他们没有做着体面的工作,但是他们找到了自己的位置,为社会做贡献。就拿清洁工来说。他们早早起来做清洁。人们不敢做这份工作,因为脏,但是清洁工通过努力工作去装饰了这个城市。

清洁工虽然普通,但是他们却做着伟大的工作。


十一. The Annoyances in Growing Up

Since I went to high school, I have had many annoyances. 

On the one hand, I am under great pressure on my study. I need to take the exams every month. Once I am falling behind other students, I will feel that I am not doing well. I always want to be the best, but things can’t go on my way. On the other hand, I don’t want to talk to my parents, if they ask me the questions, I will answer them with few words. I think they won’t understand me, so I am not willing to communicate with my parents. 

I know I am in the adolescence, my body grows fast, changes happen on me, and my emotion is unstable. So I need to learn to adjust myself and get used to these changes. I need to open my heart and have less pressure. 


成长的烦恼

打从我上高中起,我就有很多烦恼。

一方面,我在学习方面面临很大的压力,我每个月都要参加很多的开始,一旦比别的学生落后,我就会觉得我做得不好。我总是想要成为第一名,但是事情并不总是按照我的意愿走。另一方面,我不想要和我父母交流,如果他们问我问题,我就三言两语搪塞他们。我觉得他们并不了解我,因此我不愿意和父母交流。

我知道我处于青春期,我的身体长得很快,我身上发生了变化,情绪变得很不稳定。所以我学着去调节自己,适应这些变化。我需要打开心扉,减少压力。


十二. Afternoon Time

Today was Saturday. 

Early in the morning, I woke up and stayed at home the whole morning to watch TV. After finishing my lunch, I had nothing to do, so I decided to call my friends out. I headed to the coffee shop which was near a square. There were a lot of people in the square. Some women were dancing and singing, while some men were taking the chess. I walked into the coffee shop and chose a table which was near the window, so that I could see the outside scenery. When my friends came, we talked happily and shared the things that happened during these days. Then all my pressure was relieved, I forgot about the annoyance on my study. At that moment, I was enjoying the time talking with my friends. 

I had the great time this afternoon.


午后时光

今天是星期六。

一大早,我就起床了,整个上午,我都呆在家里看电视。在吃完午饭后,我没有什么事情去做,因此我决定叫我的朋友们出去。我前往一家广场附近的咖啡店。广场里有很多人,一些女人在唱歌和跳舞,然而一些男人在下象棋。我走进了咖啡店,选择了一张近窗口的桌子,这样我就能看到外面的风景。当我的朋友们来了以后,我们聊得很愉快,分享了在这段时间发生的事情。然后我所有的压力都得到了释放,我忘记了学习上的烦恼。在那个时刻,我享受着和朋友们聊天的时光。

今天下午我度过了愉快的时光。


十三. My Parents’ Education on Me

I am the only child in my family. 

Nowadays, people have the bad impression on the only child. They think the only child is spoiled by the parents, so they get bad temper and count on the parents so much, while I am not one of them. My parents are very strict to me, and they never spoil me. When I make the mistake, they will tell me what the result will be, so that I know I do the wrong thing and won’t do that again. My parents pay special attention to my independence. They will ask me to do the thing alone. Sometimes they only teach me how to finish, but never give me a hand. 

To my parents’ education, at first, I feel they are unfair to me, but as I grow up, I am so thankful to them, because they help me become a strong person.


父母对我的教育

在我的家庭里,我是独生子。

如今,人们对独生子的印象很不好,他们觉得独生子被父母宠爱着,因此他们脾气不好,还很依赖父母,然而我和他们不同。我的父母对我很严格,他们从来不溺爱我,当我犯错误,他们会告诉我我的错误会造成的后果,这样我就知道自己做错了事,下次再也不犯这样的错误了。我的父母很注重我的独立性,他们会叫我去独立做事情,有时候他们只教我怎么去完成,但是从来不帮助我。

对于父母的教育,刚开始,我觉得他们对我不公平,但是随着我长大,我很感激他们,因为他们帮助我成长为一个坚强的人。


十四. I Like Riding Bicycle

When I was very small, I felt so envious to see the children riding bicycle, and I thought they were so cool. So I tried so hard to learn how to ride it. I still remembered the day when I could ride bicycle and I was so proud. 

Today, bicycle is still my favorite transportation. On the one hand, I can exercise my body. I ride the bicycle to go to school. It is true that I do have the strong body, because I barely feel sick. On the other hand, riding the bicycle can protect our environment. Bicycle works with our legs instead of the gasoline. The gasoline burns and it lets out the air which can pollute our environment. So taking the bike is a good way to protect our environment. 

I think I will continue to keep bike as my favorite transportation. 


我喜欢骑自行车

在我很小的时候,看到其他小孩子骑自行车,我会很羡慕,我觉得他们很酷。因此我很努力去学习骑自行车。我仍然记得在我学会骑自行车那天,我为自己感到自豪。

今天,自行车仍然是我最爱的交通方式。一方面,我能锻炼身体。我骑着自行车上学,事实上,我也确实有着强壮的体魄,因为我几乎不生病。另一方面,骑自行车能;の颐堑幕肪。自行车需要我们的腿来工作,而不是汽油。汽油燃烧会释放出污染我们环境的气体。因此骑车是;の颐腔肪车暮梅椒。

我觉得我会继续保持着自行车是我最爱的交通方式。


十五. The Amazing 4D

As the development of the technology, people can enjoy what the high-technology brings. 

Before, people watched the movie with watching the screen, but in the recent years, the new technology called 3D gives people the enjoyable way to enjoy the movie. The special feature of 3D is that it gives people the real vision. When people put on the 3D glasses, they will feel as if they are in the movie, witnessing all the things happens. 

But now, 4D is coming, it is more advantaged than 3D, it makes people feel more closer to the scene. When there is shocking things, the chair will move a little, and people feel what’s happening in the movie. 

The high technology brings people a lot of fun. In the future, I believe that there will be more and more high technology invented.


神奇的4D

随着科技的发展,人们可以享受到高科技所带来的一切。

以前,人们通过看屏幕来看电影,但是近些年来,一种称为3D的新技术给人们来到了观看电影的愉快方式。3D的特别之处在于它给人们带来了真实的视觉,当人们戴上3D眼镜,他们会觉得似乎就在电影里,见证了所有的事情。

但是如今,4D也出来了,它比3D更加的先进,让人们觉得更加的接近场景。当电影里发生了大事件时,椅子就会震动一下,人们感受到在电影里面发生的事情。

高科技给人们带来了很多乐趣,在将来,我相信会发明出越来越多的高科技。


十六. The Hot Summer

When July comes, it is the hottest time of the whole summer. Many of my friends have chosen to travel to the cool place, so as to avoid the stuffy air. 

As for me, I don’t like to travel in this hot weather. I just want to stay indoors and enjoy the quiet moment. I like to sit near the window, watching outside scenery. Sometimes I will read some books,  enjoy the novel and make myself lost in the fiction world. The things I like to do most is to find a coffee shop and then choose a table that is near the window, so that I can see all the situation. I will bring my computer and then play the computer for the whole afternoon. 

It is what I like to do in the summer. I enjoy it.


炎热的夏日

七月到来之际,是整个夏天最热的时候。我很多朋友都选择去凉爽的地方旅行,顺便躲避闷热的空气。

对于我来说,我不喜欢在这种炎热的天气旅行,我只想呆在家里,享受安静的时刻。我喜欢坐在窗户旁边,看外面的风景。有时我会看一些书,享受小说的熏陶,沉迷于小说的世界里。我最喜欢做的事就是找一家咖啡店,然后选择一张靠近窗户的桌子,这样我就可以看到所有的场景。我会带上我的电脑,然后玩一整个下午。

这是我在夏天喜欢做的事。我也非常享受这样的时刻。


十七. The Loyal Dog

Many people like to raise a pet to company them. Especially as there are more only child, keeping a pet can fill the blank space of a sibling. Dogs are most people’s choice, for they are said to be the loyal friends. 

In the movies, dogs are described as human being’s trustful friends and they will never abandon their masters. In the famous and touching movie Hachi, a homeless dog named Hachi is raised by a professor. The dog waits for his master to go home after work at the train station every day. Someday, the professor has a heart attack while he is having class and he dies. Hachi never sees his master appear in the train station, but he still goes to the place to wait for his master until the end of his life. 

Everybody is moved by the loyal dog, his story still goes on. 


忠诚的狗

许多人喜欢养宠物来陪伴自己。尤其是随着越来越多的独生子女,因此养宠物可以填补没有兄弟姐妹的空白。养狗是大多数人的选择,因为他们是忠实的朋友。

在电影中,狗被描述为人类值得信任的朋友,他们永远不会放弃他们的主人。在著名和感人的电影《八公》中,一条无家可归的狗叫八公,被一位教授收养。这只狗每天都在火车站等待主人工作后回家。有一天,教授在上课的时候心脏病发作去世。八公再也没有看到他的主人出现在火车站,但他仍然去那个地方等待他的主人,直到他生命的终结。

每个人都被这条忠诚的狗感动,他的故事仍在流传。


十八. Family Barbecue

Today was Sunday. I was so happy because our family had a big meeting. 

We went to the park to have the barbecue. We called our relatives to join us, and it was such a great party. As the family members haven’t got together for a long time, so my father decided to get everybody united. In the park, I played with my cousins. We were taking a visit of the park while the parents were doing the barbecue. When my counsins and I played so tiredly, we went to join the grow-ups’activities. The fathers were talking about the business stuff, while the mothers were talking about the children and their daily life. Our family was so harmonious. We shared the things together and helped each other. 

I like this activity so much, and I wish my families can have more time to be together. 


家庭烧烤

今天是星期天,我很开心,因为我们的家庭有一个大聚会。

我们去公园烧烤。我们叫上了亲戚来加入,这是多么盛大的派对啊。由于家庭成员间很久没有在一起了,因此父亲决定把大家团聚在一起。在公园里,我和表亲们在玩,我们在参观公园,而家长们则在烧烤。在表亲们和我玩累了,我们就加入大人们的活动。父亲们在谈论生意上的事情,然而母亲们在谈论孩子和日常生活。我们的家庭是那么的和谐,一起分享东西和彼此帮助。

我很喜欢这样的活动,我希望我的家人们能有更多的时间相聚。


十九. Chinese Gifts

There are many good Chinese gifts to give foreigners. 

The first one is Chinese knot. The Chinese knot is a symbol of peace and fortune. This artifact is beautiful and meaningful. And the china is also a good choice. The china was invented in China about 4000 years ago. Its English name was named after our country, and the ones which were made in China are much more exquisite than the other origins. 

And other Chinese gifts such as silks and painting and calligraph, they are all Chinese characteristic, and are the works of art, so the foreign friends would like them very much.


中国礼物

有很多很好的中国礼物可以送给外国人。

第一件就是中国结。中国结是和平与财富的象征。这个手工艺品不但漂亮,而且很有意义。另外瓷器也是一个很好的选择。瓷器是4000多年前在中国发明的,它的英文名就是以我们国家命名的,而且在中国出产的瓷器比其他地方的都要精美许多。

还有其他的中国礼物例如丝绸以及书画,它们都极具中国特色,是艺术品,所以外国朋友会非常喜欢的。


二十. Join Activity

In China, students have to study all the time. They need to take all kinds of important exams, and their parents want their kids to take the first place, so students bury their heads in the books. 

When talking about Chinese kids and foreign kids, it has been admitted that Chinese kids are good at exams, while foreign kids are good at hand work. I think hand work is more important than the exam, because students need to do some work to make themselves’ living. Chinese students need to join more activities, It can not only help them broaden their vision, but also can improve their overall quality. Besides getting high scores, students also need to learn to do some hand work, or they will become bookworms. 

Parents should not care so much about the exams, they should give the children more freedom. Exam is not everything.


参加课外活动

在中国,学生不得不全天学习,他们需要参加各种各样的重要考试,他们的父母想要他们拿第一名,因此学生埋头苦读。

当谈到中国的孩子和外国的孩子时候,人们承认,中国的孩子擅长考试,然而外国的孩子擅长手工活。我觉得手工活比考试更加重要,因为学生需要做一些活来自己适应生活。中国的学生需要多参加课外活动,这不仅能帮助他们开阔眼界,也能让他们提高整体素质。除了拿到高分,学生也要学着去做一些手工活,不然他们就成为了书呆子。

家长不应该太在意分数,应该给孩子更多的自由,考试不是一切。


20篇高考英语话题作文+16个传统文化考点素材,_高考写作首选资料!


一. 长城(The Great Wall)

The Great Wall is one of the wonders of the world that created by human beings! If you come to China without climbing the Great Wall, it's just like going Paris without visiting the Eiffel Tower; or going to Egypt without visiting the Pyramids! Men often say, "He who doest not reach the Great Wall is not a true man."In fact, it began as independent walls for different states when it was first built, and did not become the "Great Wall" until the Qin Dynasty. However, the wall we see today, starting from Shanhaiguan Pass in the east to Jiayunguan Pass in the west, was mostly built during the Ming Dynasty.


长城是人类创造的世界奇迹之一。如果你到了中国却没去过长城,就想到了巴黎没有去看看菲尔铁塔,或者就像到了埃及没有去看金字塔一样。人们常说:“不到长城非好汉!笔导噬,长城最初只是一些断断续续的城墙,直到秦朝统一中国后才将其连城长城。然而,今天我们看到的长城——东起山海关,西至嘉峪关——大部分都是在明代修建的。


二. 饺子(Dumplings)

Dumplings are one of the Chinese people’s favorite traditional dishes. According to an ancient Chinese legend, dumplings were first made by the medical saint---Zhang Zhongjing. There are three steps involved in making dumplings: 1) make dumpling wrappers out of dumpling flour; 2) prepare the dumpling stuffing; 3) make dumplings and boil them. With thin and elastic dough skin, fresh and tender stuffing, delicious taste, and unique shapes, dumplings are worth eating hundreds of times. There’s an old saying that claims, “Nothing could be more delicious than dumplings”. During the Spring Festival and other holidays, or when treating relatives and friends, Chinese people like to follow the auspicious custom of eating dumplings. To Chinese people who show high reverence for family love, having dumplings at the moment the old year is replaced by the new is an essential part of bidding farewell to the old and ushering in the new year.


饺子是深受中国人民喜爱的传统食品。 相传为古代医圣张仲景发明。饺子的制作是包括: 1) 擀皮、2) 备馅、3) 包馅水煮三个步骤。其特点是皮薄馅嫩,味道鲜美,形状独特,百食不厌。民间有“好吃不过饺子”的俗语。中国人接亲待客、逢年过节都有包饺子吃的习俗,寓意吉利。对崇尚亲情的中国人来说,“更岁交子”吃饺子,更是欢度除夕、辞旧迎新必不可少的内容。 


三. 筷子(Chinese Chopsticks)

The Chinese way of eating with chopsticks is unique in the world. The recorded history of chopsticks started more than three thousand years ago. Chopsticks were named zhu in ancient Chinese. They look deceptively simple to use, but possess multi-various functions, such as clamping, turning over, lifting up, raking, stirring, scooping, poking, tearing, and so on. Chopsticks were taken as an auspicious mascot by ordinary people in ancient China. For example, the partial tone of chopsticks is often used by people as a metaphor at weddings to indicate a blessing or benediction for the couple to have a baby soon. Unlike using a knife and fork or one’s own hands, a pair of chopsticks also implies the meaning of “Harmony is what matters”. Chopsticks are highly praised by Westerners as a hallmark of ancient oriental civilization. 


中国人使用筷子就餐的方式在世界上独树一帜。有史记载用筷的历史已有三千多年?曜庸攀背莆,它看似简单,但却同时具有夹、拨、挑、扒、拌、撮、戳、撕等多种功能。中国民间视筷子为吉祥之物,如婚俗中将筷子隐喻为快生贵子的祝福等。与使用刀叉以及手抓的 方式不同,成双结对的筷子含有“和为贵“的意蕴。西方人赞誉筷子是古老的东方文明。


四. 中国功夫(Chinese kung fu)

Chinese kung fu, or Chinese martial arts, carries traditional Chinese culture in abundance. It is a  traditional Chinese sport which applies the art of attack and defence in combat and the motions engaged with a series of skill and tricks. The core idea of Chinese king fu is derived from the Confucian theory of both “the mean and harmony” and “cultivating qi” (otherwise known as nourishing one’s spirit). Meanwhile, it also includes thoughts of Taoism and Buddhism. Chinese kung fu has a long history, with multi-various sects and many different boxing styles, and emphasizes coupling hardness with softness and internal and external training. It contains the ancient great thinkers’ pondering of life and the universe. The skills in wielding the 18 kinds of weapons named by the later generations mainly involve the skills of bare-handed boxing, such as shadow boxing (Taijiquan), form and will boxing (Xingyiquan), eight trigram palm (Baguazhang), and the skills of kung fu weaponry, such as the skill of using swords, spears, two-edged swords and halberds, axes, tomahawks, kooks, prongs and so on.


中国功夫即中国武术,是将技击寓于搏斗和套路运动之中的中国传统体育项目,承载着丰富的中国民族传统文化。其核心思想是儒家的中和养气之说,同时兼容了道家、释家的思想。中国武术源远流长、流派林立、拳种繁多,讲究刚柔并济、内外兼修,蕴含着先哲们对生命和宇宙的参悟。后世所称十八般武艺,主要指:徒手拳艺,如太极拳、形意拳、八卦掌等;器械功夫,如刀枪剑戟、斧钺钩叉等。


五. 汉字(Chinese characters)

Chinese characters were initially meant to be simple pictures used to help people remember things. After a long period of development, it finally became a unique character system that embodies phonetic sound, image, idea, and rhyme at the same time. The writing system, which was extremely advanced in ancient times, began with inscriptions on bones and tortoise shells, and these are regarded as the original forms of Chinese characters. Afterwards, Chinese characters went through numerous calligraphic styles: bronze inscriptions, official script, regular script, cursive script, running script, etc. Chinese characters are usually round outside and square inside, which is rooted in ancient Chinese beliefs of an orbicular sky and a rectangular Earth. The five basic strokes of Chinese characters are “---“ (the horizontal stroke) “│” (the vertical stroke), “/”( the left-falling stroke), “\” (the right-falling stroke), and “乙” (the turning stroke).  


汉字是从原始人用以记事的简单图画,经过不断演变发展最终成为一种兼具音、形、意韵的独特文字。现存中国古代最早成熟的文字是甲骨文,被认为是现代汉字的初形。此后,汉字又经历了金文、隶书、楷书、草书、行书等不同的阶段。汉字结构“外圆内方“, 源于古人”天圆地方“的观念。汉字有五种基本笔画,即:横、竖、撇、捺、折。


六. 秧歌舞(Yangko)

Yangko is one of tradition folk dance of Han in China.It is usually performed in northern provinces. The dancers usually wear colorful and light costumes, and the performance is powerful and rapid. During some festivals such as Spring Festival, Lantein Festival, if people hear the sound of drum and gong, no matter how cold the weather is , they will come to street and appreciate the Yangko. Recent years, the old people in city of east-northern of China organized the team of Yangko by themselves, the teamers keep their health by dancing Yangko the whole year.


秧歌舞是中国汉族的一种民间传统舞蹈,通常在北方省份表演。秧歌舞者通常穿上明亮多彩的表演服装,他们的表演动作有力迅速。在农历春节、元宵节等节日期间,人们一旦听到锣鼓声,不管外面天气有多冷,他们都会蜂拥到街上看秧歌舞表演。近年来,中国东北某些城市的老年人自发组织了了秧歌队,队员常年通过跳秧歌舞来保持健康,同事他们也乐在其中。


七. 针灸(Acupuncture)

Acupuncture is an important part of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). In accordance with the “main and collateral channels” theory in TCM, the purpose of acupuncture is to dredge the channel and regulate qi and blood, so as to keep the body’s yin and yang balanced and achieve reconciliation between the internal organs. It features in traditional Chinese medicine that “internal diseases are to be treated with external therapy”. The main therapy of acupuncture involves using needles to pierce certain acupoints of the patient’s body, or adopting moxibustion to stimulate the patient’s acupoints so as to stimulate the channels and relieve pain. With its unique advantages, acupuncture has been handed down generation after generation and has now spread all over the world. Nowadays, acupuncture, along with Chinese food, kung fu (otherwise known as Chinese martial arts), and traditional Chinese medicine, has been internationally hailed as one of the “four new national treasures.”

  

针灸是中医学的重要组成部分。按照中医的经络理论,针灸疗法主要是通过疏通经络、调和气血,来达到阴阳归于平衡,使脏腑趋于调和之目的。其特点是“内病外治”。主要疗法是用针刺入病人身体的一定穴位,或用艾火的温热刺激烧灼病人的穴位,以达到刺激经络。治疗病痛的目的。针灸以其独特的优势,流传至今并传播到了世界,与中餐、功夫、中药一起被海外誉为中国的“新四大国粹”。


八. 中国龙(Chinese Dragon)

Dragon totem worship in China has been around for the last 8,000 years. The ancients in China considered the dragon (or loong) a fetish that combines animals including the fish, snake, horse and ox with cloud, thunder, lightning and other natural celestial phenomena. The Chinese dragon was formed in accordance with the multicultural fusion process of the Chinese nation. To the Chinese, the dragon signifies innovation and cohesion.  


对龙图腾他的崇拜在中国大约已绵延了八千多年。中国龙是古人将鱼、蛇、马、牛等动物与云雾、雷电等自然天象集合而成的一种神物。 中国龙的形成与中华民族的多元融合过程同步。在中国人的心目中,龙具有振奋腾飞、开拓变化的寓意和团结凝聚的精神。 


九. 中国印章(Chinese Seal)

A seal can also be defined as a stamp. Both the Chinese official and private seal of various dynasties have different titles, such as stamp, zhu note, contract, fu, lease and others. The seals used by the emperors of ancient China were called xi, yin, bao, etc. According to historical records, seals were widely used during the Warring States Period (475BC-221BC). The making of a seal is to engrave fonts, such as seal characters and official script and so on; or images in the form of intaglio and embossment into the seal, basically shaped as round or square. Covered with a vermilion overlay, the Chinese seal is not only used in daily life, but it is also used to represent signatures on paintings and calligraphies. It is gradually becoming one of China’s unique artworks.  


印章就是图章。中国历代官、私所用的印章有印信、朱记、合同、符、契等等不同的称谓,而帝王所用的印章古时称玺、印、宝、章等。据史料记载,印章在战国时代已普遍使用。印章的制作是将篆隶等字体、图像用阴、阳的形式雕刻而成,形状以圆、方为主。印章用朱色   钤盖,除日常应用外,又多用于书画题识,逐渐成为中国特有的艺术形式之一。 


十. 京剧(Chinese Beijing Opera)

Praised as “Oriental Opera”, Beijing Opera is a genuine national quintessence of China. It originated from many kinds of ancient local operas, especially huiban in southern China. At the end of the 19th Century, Beijing Opera evolved and took shape, becoming the greatest kind of opera in China. Beijing Opera is a blend of performing arts---song, speech, performance, acrobatix fighting and dance. Beijing Opera portrays and narrates the plot and characters through stylized acting. The main types of roles in Beijing Opera are sheng(male), dan (young female), jing (painted face, male), and chou( clown, male or female).


京剧被誉为“东方歌剧”, 是地道的中国国粹。它起源于中国多种古老的地方戏剧,特别是南方的“徽班”。到了19世纪末,京剧形成并成为中国最大的戏曲剧种。京剧是综合性表演艺术,集唱(歌唱)、念(念白)、做(表演)、打(武)、舞(舞蹈)为一体,通过程式化的表演手段,叙述故事,刻画人物。角色主要分生(男性)、旦(女性)、净(男性)、丑(男性女性皆有)四大行当。 


十一. 中国成语(Chinese Idioms)

Chinese idioms refer to comprehensive and integrated fixed phrases and expressions. Idioms are established and accepted by constant usage and common practice. An idiom is a language unit that is larger than a word, but has the same grammatical function as a word. Most Chinese idioms consist of four characters. For example, ziqiangbuxi ( make unremitting efforts to improve oneself), qingchuyulan(bluer than indigo), and houjibofa (success comes with time and effort). Idioms are extrated from folk proverbs, ancient works of literature, poems, fables, allusions, and well-known sayings. Idioms are a part of the Chinese language that are concise and have great vitality.  


中国成语是汉语中意义完整的表示一般概念的固定词组或短语!俺捎铩敝械摹俺伞奔仁窃级ㄋ壮。成语是比词大而语法功能又相当于词的语言单位。绝大多数的中国成语由四个汉字组成,例如:自强不息、青出于蓝、厚积薄发。成语主要从民间谚语、古代文学作品、诗歌、寓言、典故、名言警句等方面提炼而成,是汉语语言中精炼而又富有生命力的一部分。 


十二. 丝绸(Silk)

China is the home of silk. Mulberry planting, sericulture, silk reeling and thickening are all great inventions of the ancient Chinese. As early as the Shang and Zhou Dynasties (1600BC-256BC), the Chinese people’s silk-weaving techniques had reached an extremely high level. During the Western Han Dynasty (206BC-25AD), Zhang Qian, an outstanding diplomat, travelled around central Asia and connected China with the Persian Gulf and the Mediterranean, opening up a new era of Sino-foreign trade, exchange and communication. From then on, China’s silk became well known for its extraordinary quality, exquisite design and color, and abundant culture connotations. Hitherto, Chinese silk has been accepted as a symbol of Chinese culture and the emissary of oriental civilization.  


中国是丝绸的故乡。栽桑、养蚕、缫丝、织绸是中国古代人民的伟大发明。商周时期丝绸的生产技术就已发展到相当高的水平。西汉时张骞通西域,把中原与波斯湾、地中海紧密联系起来,开辟了中外交流贸易的新纪元。从此中国的丝绸以其卓越的品质、精美的花色和丰富的文化内涵闻名于世,成为中国文化的象征。东方文明的使者。


十三. 中国园林(Chinese Classical Garden)

The Chinese classical garden is a precious treasure of our ancient Chinese architecture. It is a kind of environment art, which systematically combines artificial mountains and rivers, plants and buildings with the natural landscape. The construction standard of a Chinese classical garden is “artificial as it is, the garden must look ingenious and natural.” When you go sightseeing in a Chinese classical garden, you should be able to appreciate its artistic concept which “makes use of the natural landscape to create the real fun of mountains and rivers for viewers.” Of the world’s three major garden systems, the Chinese classical garden is hailed as one of the origins of the world’s garden due to its long history and abundant connotations.  


中国园林是把人造的山水、植物、建筑等与自然地貌有机结合的环境艺术,是我国古代建筑艺术的珍宝。其建造原则是“妙极自然,宛自天开”。游赏中国古典园林,能充分领略“假自然之景,创山水真趣”的园林意境。在世界三大园林体系中,中国园林历史悠久、内涵丰富,被誉为世界造园史上的渊源之一。 


十四. 文房四宝

(The Four Treasures of the Study)


The writing brush, ink stick, ink stone, and paper were requisite treasures in the study of the scholars of ancient China, and they are often referred to as the “Four Treasures of the Study.” The writing brush and ink stick have been used by the Chinese to write and paint since 5,000 years ago. In the Qin Dynasty (221BC---206BC), people already used feathers of different hardness and bamboo trunks to make brushes. During the Han Dynasty (206BC-220AD), man-made ink was used instead of natural ink. After paper was invented by the Chinese, bamboo slips, wooden tablets, brocade and silk, which originally functioned as writing surfaces, gradually faded out. The ink stone was first developed with the use of writing brushes and ink. After the Song Dynasty (960AD---1279AD), the “Four Treasure of the Study” particularly referred to hubi, the writing brush produced in Huzhou, Zhejiang province; huimo, the ink stick produced in Huizhou, Anhui province; xuan  paper, a kind of paper produced in Xuanzhou, Anhui province; and duanyan, the ink stone made in Zhaoqing, Guangdong province (Zhaoqing was earlier called Duanzhou). Indeed, the Four Treasures of the Study” have writtin the whole Chinese civilization, as it is.


笔墨纸砚是中国古代文人书房当中必备的宝贝,被称为“文房四宝”。用笔墨书写绘画在中国可追溯到五千年前。秦时已用不同硬度的毛和竹管制笔;汉代以人工制墨替代了天然墨;有了纸张以后,简牍锦帛逐失其用;砚台则随笔墨的使用而发展。 “文房四宝”到宋朝以后特指湖笔、徽墨、宣纸、端砚?梢运滴姆克谋κ樾戳苏鲋谢拿。


十五. 天干地支(Chinese Era)

The Chinese era is the symbol that the Chinese calendar uses for recording and naming years. The ten Heavenly Stems are: jia, yi, bing, ding, wu, ji, geng, xin, ren, gui. The twelve Earthly Branches are: zi.chou, yin, mou, chen, si, wu, wei, shen, you, xu, hai. After observing the lunar month, the ancients found that the moon always wazes and wanes roughly 12 times a year, and two lunar months account for about 60 days, so the order of the ten Heavenly Stems and the order of the twelve Earthly Branches are properly matched in turn. In terms of recording date, 60 years is considered to be a full time cycle. The Chinese era chronology was first invented in ancient times and is still in use now. 


天干地支是中国历法中用以记录和命名年岁的方法。十天干为:甲、乙、丙、丁、戊、已、庚、辛、壬、癸;十二地支为:子、丑、寅、卯、辰、巳、午、未、申、酉、戊、亥。古人观测朔望月,发现月亮圆缺12次大体上是一年的天数,而两个朔望月约是60天。古人以十天干与十二地支的顺序依次相配,记录不同年份,60年为一个轮回。干支纪年法从古沿用至今。

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